Sarah Cockerell – Treenet

This paper is an overview of a preliminary investigation into all tree avenues planted as War memorials throughout Australia. It cannot claim to be a complete record and in some ways serves only to highlight the gaps in our knowledge. Much of the data was obtained through the personal testimony from local sources and very little published or officially recorded information. All data in the survey is subject to amendment upon the discovery of further information sources. Each avenue is summarised in the appendixes. More detailed accounts of the avenues including historical background, management details and lists of the soldiers honoured with a tree are available for some.

Avenues of trees have been planted by many countries for a variety of reasons but nowhere else has embraced the concept of a living War Memorial in the form of an Avenue of Honour like Australia. Over a hundred avenues were planted during and after the First World War to commemorate those who served. In rare cases these were implemented by government but most often they were created by the local people. Small Australian towns sometimes lost significant numbers of young men to the First and Second World Wars and stone monuments, while still occurring frequently, were often too expensive or didn’t capture the feelings of the community. The planting of avenues was intensely personal and produced massive community involvement and passion. They were always supposed to last for decades and be attractive living monuments to the sacrifices of war. That was then.

In the last 80 years Australia has changed dramatically. Towns have grown, moved and some have disappeared. Modern roadways and streetscapes are completely different from what they were like when the first avenues were planted. Some avenues have weathered these changes but many have not. The problem has been as time passed the avenues were forgotten and no complete record of the avenues has ever been made. So we are left with the question of where are all the avenues, what has happened to them and how can we restore Australia’s memory?

It was clear that before death and change claims the avenues and their history it needs to be recorded and shared. Thus the idea of conducting a National Survey of Avenues of Honour was born.

Tracking down the Avenues

Locating Australia’s Avenues of Honour has become a collaborative effort between TREENET, local government and many private citizens. Information about the larger and better known avenues is easily accessed on the internet since many small towns still value their trees and regard the avenues as valuable tourist attractions. Although there have been some other surveys on similar topics and historical research into memorials the available published data did not come close to recording all of the Avenues planted. The National War memorial was contacted but while they have an impressive collection of papers they do not have a complete record of all memorial avenues. I spent a couple of days on site in Canberra and found that while a thorough search of their collection, especially newspaper cuttings and funding requests, would provide a lot of information it would take weeks if not months to extract. In most cases local knowledge was needed to confirm the presence of an avenue and any records of the avenues history were usually only kept in local libraries or private collections. Contact was made with most local councils in Australia and any relevant local history groups. The national, state and where relevant the local RSL sub branches were also contacted. This national request for information received a good response with interest and encouragement for the project sometimes coming more frequently than any useful information. Thanks to word of mouth the network of people contacting TREENET about Avenues of Honour has extended beyond my initial contacts.

Survey Results

Some previous related surveys do exist. A National Survey of War Memorials70 was conducted in 1920 and 21. This did not provide a comprehensive record of Avenues of Honour but it does give some guide to the numbers of avenues planted in the various states. A thorough survey of Victorian avenues was conducted in 1987 by Janine Haddow70. Various other historians have investigated war memorials and several publications list some of Australia’s avenues. Not all of the data from these surveys and publications have been available in the compilation of this paper.

Australian Capital Territory

No Avenues found although other memorial plantings beyond the scope of this paper exist.

New South Wales

The National Survey of War Memorials found 14 avenues had been planted in New South Wales. I have information on 15 avenues although I can only confirm 2 as dating before 1921. 5 were planted later in the 1920’s and 2 others have been planted in the last 10 years. 5 avenues are yet to be dated. Most of the avenues relate to World War 1. 2 include both World Wars (one of these was originally planted for WW1 and later extended) and the most recent plantings commemorate all conflicts Australia has been involved in. 9 avenues are known to be complete and most are in good condition (including the two oldest). 2 avenues are now incomplete and in poor condition. No avenues can be confirmed as having been lost.

See Appendix 1 for detailed summary.

Northern Territory

No Avenues found although other memorial plantings beyond the scope of this paper exist

Queensland

This survey records 25 avenues in Queensland with two planted before 1921, in agreement with the National Survey, and 3 planted in the last 10 years. Only one avenue can be confirmed as lost and 10 are complete. 5 avenues for WW1 and 8 for WW2 have been found. Half of the complete avenues are known to be in good condition. Queensland also has one of the best maintained and researched avenues at Roma.

See Appendix 2 for detailed summary.

South Australia

The National Survey listed 1 memorial avenue in South Australia. This survey has found 2 avenues from before 1921 and a total of 16 for the state. 7 of these are complete and in good health. Only 3 can be confirmed as commemorating WW1 and 2 for WW2. No avenues can be confirmed as having been lost.

See Appendix 3 for detailed summary.

Tasmania

Only 6 avenues have been identified in Tasmania. 4 of these are known to be complete and should be in good condition. Most relate to WW1. The National Survey found 12 Tasmanian avenues.

See Appendix 4 for detailed summary.

Victoria

Victoria has the largest number of avenues in Australia with 109 named in this survey. The Haddow survey70 identified 142 for WW1 and 2 with only 56 WW1 avenues still remaining. The National Survey found 92 Victorian avenues by 1921. This survey has located 36 avenues dated from prior to 1921 with 21 present in reasonable condition. 2 avenues have been planted in the last 10 years and several Victorian avenues have been restored. 9 avenues are confirmed as having been lost although in two cases (Dartmoor, Lakes Entrance) the trees were removed and then modified into statues. In total 55 avenues are still recognisable and most are in good condition. 58 avenues have been confirmed as relating to WW1 with only 7 for WW2. Victoria has the two largest avenues with the Ballarat Avenue currently comprising of 3332 trees and the Calder Woodburn Memorial Highway at Shepparton comprising of 2411 trees.

See Appendix 5 for detailed summary.

Western Australia

The National Survey found only 2 avenues in 1921. This survey found 1 avenue planted prior to 1921 and 3 others planted that year. In 1996 Oline Richards61 found 8 avenues planted for WW1 and only 1 for WW2. Of the 14 avenues this survey has identified 4 as relating to WW1 (1 extended for WW2) and another 4 for WW2. However 3 of the WW2 avenues are yet to be dated and may have been planted after 1996. Only 1 avenue has been planted in the last 10 years. 5 avenues are complete with 3 known to be in good condition. Western Australia has one of the largest avenues at Kings Park with around 1100 trees.

See Appendix 6 for detailed summary.

National

184 avenues have been identified although there is frequently little more information associated with the record than just a name. Some of the avenues are well maintained and details of their history is easily found. 77 avenues have been identified as complete and only 10 can be confirmed as lost. However it is probable that many of the avenues where little or no detail has yet been found have been lost.

The more traditional introduced tree species such as Oaks, Elms and Cypress were commonly used in avenues but others use native species, usually Eucalypts. The success of an avenue can depend on species selection but there is as yet no evidence that avenues using introduced species are more likely to fail than those using native species.

Further Research

Further investigations of the collections at the National War Memorial should be considered. The network of local government, RSL clubs, local history groups and interested members of the public need to expand and continue to share information and encourage public involvement.

So far the response has been excellent but patchy. In some areas it has been difficult to obtain good local contacts and these need further investigation to fill in the gaps in this survey. Ideally all the avenues named should be visited, assessed and investigation made into the avenues history at the site.

Discussion

Avenues planted in the 1920’s and earlier have been under considerable pressure over the last 80 years. Town expansion and the associated infrastructure of modern living have often conflicted with the needs of trees. As time passes the avenue trees can be lost for the sake of convenience without regard to their original value. This is especially common when the initial species choice or management was less than ideal resulting in untidy and unhealthy trees.

The avenues were planted as living memorials to our heroes. They were supposed to last for decades. Even under ideal conditions such avenues require maintenance and the occasional replacement of unhealthy trees. Where local community groups and councils have performed these tasks the avenues have grown into the elegant monuments originally intended. These can essentially last indefinitely with young trees gradually introduced to replace the old, maintaining the effect of a mature tree avenue. In many ways the greatest threat to Avenues of Honour is to be forgotten.

As the older generation of a region dies the oral history is often lost. In the last 50 years people have been more likely to move around the county for work and reasons of lifestyle. Families are not tied to regions as much as they once were and the younger generation does not often grow up where the local history of a region is closely tied to the family history. Many early avenues are fading from living memory and may be forgotten in a few years time. Avenue trees can only act as living memorials while they are known and appreciated by the community. The loss of tree plaques and signage is a major concern as without such displays the trees can lose their significance in the public’s eye. A complete survey and assessment of Avenues of Honour is well overdue and in some cases it may be too late.

Despite these problems the available information is encouraging. Although it is difficult to make predictions about the numbers of avenues remaining due to the large gaps in the data at least 92 avenues exist in a recognisable if not pristine form. Only 10 avenues can be confirmed as lost but it is likely that some of the other avenues mentioned in this paper have been removed and others are not mentioned as they have disappeared from the landscape and memory. Of the avenues that do still exist around half are known to be in good condition and several have been planted or restored over the last 10 years. There is still significant community attachment to the avenues and some have associated protection and historical groups.

Conclusion

The lack of centralised record keeping for the early avenues has resulted in the loss of historical information about them and the failure of future generations to appreciate the significance of the trees. The pressures of population growth and the increasing demand for more urban infrastructure has led to the demise of many avenues and threatens several others. Despite this there are a large number of old avenues in good condition to serve as an example for the replacement and restoration of others.

This preliminary survey is far from complete. From previous surveys it is clear that more avenues were planted than have been identified and no detailed national survey has ever been attempted before. The gaps in the data only demonstrate how much research is yet to be done. Other avenues, both present and lost, must be found and a detailed examination of all known avenue trees undertaken.

This survey has attracted a positive response from large areas of the community and has started to draw attention to the state of Australia’s Avenues of Honour. It is now up to everyone interested in preserving Australia’s urban forest and heritage to keep interest, and the avenues, alive.

References

1 ABC Online
2 Adelaide Parklands Preservation Association
3 ANZAC Day Organisation
4 Ararat Community College
5 Australian Forest History Society Inc
6 Australian Heritage Places Inventory
7 Avoca and District Historical Society
8 Bacchus Marsh RSL
9 Ballarat Accommodation and Tourism Directory
10 Ballarat Genealogy Organisation
11 Bayside City Council
12 Berwick RSL
13 Between the Leaves. The DPI Forestry and Department of Natural Resources Journal. 10/6/1996 (www.forests.qld.gov.au )
14 Boroondara Shire Council
15 Borough of Queenscliffe
16 Burnside City Council
17 City of Casey
18 City of Monash
19 Corps Memorandum
20 Darebin City Council
21 Defending Victoria (Victorian War History website www.users.netconnect.com.au/~ianmac/ )
22 Department of Veterans Affairs
23 Digger History (War history website www.diggerhistory.info/ )
24 Dimboola Memorial Secondary College
25 East Gippsland Shire Council
26 Emerald Primary school
27 Eumundi Museum
28 Friends of the Avenue, Kingston
29 Hastings-Western Port Historical Society
30 Hepburn Shire Council
31 Heritage Victoria
32 HMAS Club of South Australia
33 Launceston City Council
34 Macedon Ranges Shire Council
35 Mackay Historical Society
36 Maroondah City Council
37 Milton Ulladulla Historical Society
38 Milton Ulladulla War History (www.ulladulla.info/history/war/trees.html )
39 Moira Shire Council
40 Mornington Peninsula Shire Council
41 Mount Alexander Shire Council
42 Moyne Shire Council
43 National Trust of Australia
44 National Trust of Queensland
45 Nillumbik Shire Council
46 Northern Grampians Shire Council
47 Orange City Council
48 Pittsworth Shire Council
49 Port Adelaide Enfield Council
50 Press Release by David Hawker, Minster for Wannon 26/6/2003
51 Press Release by Minister for Veterans Affairs
52 Queensland EPA
53 Roma City Council
54 Roma Tourism Association Inc
55 Rowville Lysterfield History Project
56 SA Urban Forest
57 Shirley and Trevor McIvor. Salute the Brave: A pictorial record of Queensland War Memorials. RSL Queensland Branch
58 Shoalhaven City Council
59 Somerville, Tyabb and District Heritage Society
60
61 Oline Richards, The Avenues in Peace: Honour avenues of the Great War in Western Australia. In M. Bourke and C. Morris (eds) Studies in Australian Garden History. The garden History Society
62 The Peoples Voice (Australian Community History Online www.peoplesvoice.gov.au )
63 War Memorials in Australia (www.skp.com.au/memorials )
64 Warringah City Council
65 West Torrens City Council
66 West Wimmera Mail
67 Whittlesea City Council
68 Wyndham City Council
69 Personal accounts from private individuals
70 Dargavel, J. 1999. Trees age and memories change in the Avenues of Honour and Remembrance. In J. Dargavel and B. Libbis (eds). Australia’s ever-changing forests IV, Proceedings of the fourth national conference on Australian forest history. Canberra: Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, The Australian National University.

Appendix 1: New South Wales

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War Reference
Ballina
  • Crane St,
  • Cherry St
25/4/1926 partial Cinnamomum camphora,

Harpephyllum caffrum

68 38 WW1 5
Berkeley Vale
  • Pindarri Ave
11/11/2000 complete   All 63
Berry
  • Alexandra St
1920s complete average Lophostemon confertus,

Eucalyptus mannifera

36 33 WW1 & 2 6
Bingara
  • Finch St
complete good Citrus sp. WW1 & 2 63
Cowra
  • Lachlan Valley Way
1917 complete good   WW1 63
Dunedoo
  • Bolara St, Wallaroo St
15/4/1995 complete good   All 63
Five Dock
  • Great North Rd, Lyons Rd
  WW2 63
Gunnedah
  • 8th Div Memorial Dr
8/12/1957 complete good   WW2 63
Manly   69
Milton
  • Prince's Hwy
1922 complete   76 WW1 37, 38, 58
O'Connell
  • O'Connell Rd
  WW1 63
Orange
  • Bathurst Rd
25/4/1923 scattered very poor Cedrus deodara,

Cedrus libani

100 11? WW1 47
Rappville Cinnamomum camphora WW1 5
Tamworth
  • Gipps St
15/9/1918 complete good   WW1 63
Warringah
  • Soldiers Ave
1922 complete good Lophostemon confertus WW1 64, 69

Appendix 2: Queensland Avenues

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War References
Beerburrum Anzac Av   63, 57
Caloundra   WW1 63
Canungra   WW2 63
Carmilla   WW2 35
Cecil Plains Taylor St 15/08/1995 complete   10? WW2 63
Coolangatta   WW2 63
Chinchilla Slessor St 25/04/1991 complete Jacaranda mimosaefolia WW1 1, 57
Enoggera Lloyd St   Korea,

Vietnam

63
Eumundi Memorial Dr,

Gridley St

1914-18 complete good partial Ficus sp.,

Cinnamomum camphora, Jacaranda mimosaefolia,

Brachychiton acerifolium,

Acmena smithii

20 17 WW1 27, 52, 57
Gin Gin May St   WW2 63
Gympie 1995 complete   154 154 All 3
Jondaryan Evanslea Rd   1
Kallangur   63, 57
Kawana Coopers Lookout   63, 57
Marian lost n/a   0 WW1 35
Monto Memorial Ave   WW2, Vietnam 63
Pittsworth (1) Short St 2000 complete good n/a   WW2 &

after

48, 57
Pittsworth (2) Yandilla St complete good Eucalyptus sp. WW1 48
Pittsworth (3) Bridgeman Oval complete Schinus areira 48
Pleystowe Eungella Rd 25/4/1948 complete good yes Ficus benjamina 9 9 WW2 35, 57, 23, 44
Rockhampton   57
Roma Station St, Wyndham St,

Hawthorn St,

Bungil St

20/9/1918 complete excellent Brachychiton rupestre 102 93 WW1 53, 13, 54, 63, 57
Southport   57
Tennyson outside golf

course

11/9/1949   WW1 & 2 63, 57
Toowoomba Margaret St,

Burstow St

17/10/1993 complete   Women's

RAAF

1951-77

63, 57

Appendix 3: South Australia

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War References
Adelaide (1) Anzac Hwy complete good Fraxinus oxycarpa WW1 65
Adelaide (2) Sir Donald Bradman Dr complete good yes Platanus sp.,

Celtis sp.

227 WW2 65
Adelaide

Parklands

Park 19 1919 partial poor Ulmus procera WW1 2
Back Valley   69
Burnside Alexandra Ave, Prescott Ave 1919 complete good Ulmus procera 240 WW1 63, 2, 16
Henley Beach

South

HMAS 10/8/1990 complete   32
Hindmarsh Port Rd   Vietnam,

Korea

Kapunda Main Rd complete good Koelreuteria paniculata WW2 69
Normanville Lady Bay Araucaria heterophylla 56
Nuriootpa complete good Ceratonia siliqua 69
Pt Elliot   22
Regency Park off Regency Rd 25/4/1992 partial Corymbia maculata 49
Salisbury next to Primitive Methodist

Cemetery

  22
Stone Hut Borthwick St complete good   9 9 WW1 & 2 63
Tea Tree Gully St Agnes Shopping Centre   22
Victor Harbour Franklin Parade   69, 22

Appendix 4: Tasmania

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War References
Brighton Midland Hwy 1940 complete good Cupressus arizonica,

Pinus sp.

WW1 6
Bushy Park Macquarie Plains Rd   WW1 63
Hobart (1) Queens Domain Cenotaph complete Populus sp. all 63
Hobart (2) Queens Domain Park complete partial   WW1 63, 22
Launceston Windmill Park, High St 26/5/1962 complete good   22 WW1 and 2 63, 33
Port Arthur Port Arthur Penitentiary   WW1 22, 4

 

Appendix 5: Victoria

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War References
Albury Road past Airport Platanus sp. Vietnam 9
Apsley Wallace St 1902 complete good Quercus sp. Boer War 63
Bacchas Marsh Main Rd 10/8/1918 complete average yes Ulmus x hollandica, Ulmus glabra 281 281 WW1 63, 43, 8
Bairnsdale   9
Ballarat (1) Western Hwy 1917-19 complete   3912 3332 WW1 60, 61, 43, 9
Ballarat (2) Ballarat East Ave 1917   WW1 9
Ballarat (3) Sebastapol   279
Ballarat (4) Hill St   14
Ballarat (5) Black Hill  
Ballarat (6) Eureka Stockade Ave  
Ballarat (7) Ballarat North, Beaufort Cres   49
Balnarring Balnarring Rd 1918 complete average Pinus radiata 33 WW1 40
Beaconsfield High St 1919 complete excellent Populus x Canadensis robusta,

Populus dectoides

123 118 WW1 17, 43
Beaufort   63
Berwick (1) Church St 1919 complete good Quercus palustris,  Quercus robur 9 7 WW1 17, 12
Berwick (2) Wilson St, Scanlan St 9/1918 complete good Quercus palustris,  Quercus robur 35 24 WW1 17, 12
Booropki North West of Goroke 28/8/1918 complete? yes Eucalyptus sp.

Pinus sp.

35 WW1 66, 10
Cambrian Hill 1917   WW1 9
Clayton Carinish Rd complete average Quercus lusitanica WW1 18
Coleraine Cupressus sp. 9
Corindhap Pinus sp. 9
Cranbourne South Gippsland Hwy 1919 complete good Quercus robur, Quercus lusitanica 59 172 WW1 17, 63, 9
Dandenong 1919   WW1 63
Dartmoor 7/9/1918 lost/sculpt n/a Cedrus atlantica 60 0 WW1 10
Dean partial   69
Derrinallum near township complete good   69
Digby 11/8/1917 complete Ulmus sp. 97 WW1 63, 10, 22
Dimboola 1949   9, 24
Donald Byrne St 1995 complete good   18 WW2 63
Drik Drik Drik Drik-Nelson Rd Ficus marcophylla 17 WW1 43
Drouin partial Eucalyptus ficifolia 200 74 WW2 69, 43
Eganstown lost n/a   0
Eltham Main Rd 1918-19 lost n/a Platanus x acerifolia 100+ 0 WW1 45
Emerald 1921 lost n/a   0 WW1 26
Epsom 17/7/1919 Palm sp. WW1 63
Euroa Old Hume Hwy complete average   WW1 & 2, Boer 63
Ferny Creek   63
Footscray Eucalyptus sp.
Frankston Nepean Hwy lost n/a   0 29
Great Western 1935 complete good   WW1 46
Grenville 16/10/1920   WW1 63
Guildford Midland Hwy complete good Fraxinus sp., Platanus sp., Quercus palustris (r) 41
Hamilton   9
Harcourt High St partial Cedrus sp 41
Harkaway Harkaway Rd 1919 complete good Eucalyptus ficifolia, Quercus sp. (r) 29 WW1 17, 63
Hawthorn Wood St 1921 partial good Eucalyptus botryoides 30 2 WW1 14
Hexham complete good   69
Horsham (1) McPherson St, McBride St scattered poor   WW1 63
Horsham (2) partial   Boer 5
Hotspur 2/5/1918 Brachychiton sp. 40 WW1 10
Inverliegh Cupressus sp. 9
Kaniva Eucalyptus cladocalyx 9
Kingston Kingston Rd 1918 complete good yes Ulmus x hollandica, Ulmus procera, Ulmus glabra, Populus nigra (r), Fraxinus sp. (r) 286 286 WW1 63, 6, 30, 28
Kotupna Eucalyptus cladocaylx 9
Lakes Entrance Marine Parade 1924 lost/sculpt n/a yes Callitris cupressiformis 0 WW1 63, 25
Lara Cupressus sp. 69
Learmonth Sunraysia Hwy   WW1 63
Leongatha North East town exit 22/5/1918   WW1 63, 9
Lysterfield Lysterfield Rd 13/9/1919 complete good Quercus robur, Grevillia robusta 14 14 WW1 63, 55
MacLeod Simpson Ave, Stevens Rd,

Blamey Rd

  ARA Sig Corps 19
Maffra 3/10/1918   WW1 63
Maldon   41
Malvern next to Oval then Kingston St partial Brachychiton sp. 185 WW1
Maroondah Kitchiner Ave complete average Planatus orientalis WW1 36
Metung  
Mont Park Cherry St 1919 partial poor Eucalyptus cladocalyx 46 WW1 20, 6
Moonee Ponds Cupressus sp. 9
Mortlake Hamilton Hwy 1926 complete average Cupressus macrocarpa 196 WW1 43, 42
Mount Waverley High St partial poor Quercus lusitanica 28 13 WW1 18
Mount Macedon Mt Macedon Rd 10/8/1918 complete poor Quercus palustris WW1 34
Moyston Ararat-Halls Gap Rd complete good Pinus radiata 27 WW1 43
Narre Warren Memorial Drive, Main St 9/1919 complete good Quercus robur 60 WW1 17, 63
Nathalia 1918-22 complete good Brachychiton populneum 53 WW1 43, 9
Natte Yallock complete yes   7 WW2 7
Newstead Pyrenees Hwy complete good Ulmus hollandica 70 WW1 43, 41
Notting Hill Blackburn Rd lost n/a Platanus sp. 0 WW1 18
Oakleigh Drummond St complete   WW1 63, 18
Officer 26/1/1919   WW1 63
Orbost B Rd Jarrahmond complete Quercus sp. WW2 25, 9
Orford 1920s partial Pinus sp. WW1 50
Paynesville Esplanade scattered poor   25
Piggoreet  
Puckapunyl Eucalyptus botryoides
Pyramid Hill Eucalyptus cladocalyx 9
Queenscliffe Flinders St partial good Cupresses macrocarpa WW1 15
Rokewood  
Sandringham North Rd,

Nepean Hwy

1918 scattered poor yes Eucalyptus ficifolia WW1 11
Seymour 1917   WW1 9
Shepparton Goulburn Valley Hwy 1945 complete good Eucalyptus sp. 2457 2411 WW2 6, 43, 31
Somerville Eramosa Rd,

Station St

1917 scattered Platanus sp. 6 WW1 59, 29
Tambo Upper 1920s complete good yes Eucalyptus ficifolia 6 6 WW1 62, 22
Thomastown (1) High St lost n/a   21 0 WW1 67
Thomastown (2) Hight St Reserve 25/6/2003 complete good   21 21 WW1 67
Tooradin South Gippsland Hwy 1918 complete average Eucalyptus ficifolia 18 60 WW1 + 17
Tourello Tourello Rd 1918 complete good Juglans regia 36 36 WW1 43
Traralgon Kay St partial average Ulmus procera, Ulmus x hollandica 30 WW1 69, 43, 9
Tyabb Frankston Hasting Rd lost n/a Pinus sp. 0 59
Tylden Trentham/Daylesford Rd complete very poor Ulmus sp. 34
Wallan Wallan Northern Hwy 1920s complete average Ulmus x hollandica ‘Purpurascens' 48 WW1 43
Wandin North Warburton Hwy Eucalyptus ficifolia 30 WW2 43
Wangarratta complete   Vietnam 51
Whittlesea (1) 1927   WW1 63
Whittlesea (2) Church St, Walnut St 1990s complete good Platanus x acerifolia, Grevillia robusta 67
Wodonga 11/11/1991 complete Quercus palustris 44 44 Vietnam
Woodend (1) Calder Hwy 14/9/1918 complete good Quercus robur, Quercus canariensis 224 224 WW1 34, 43, 21
Woodend (2) Tylden Rd   WW2, Korean, Vietnam 34
Werribee Ballan Rd, Bolton Rd partial very poor Eucalyptus cladocalyx 68
Wunghnu Taylor St 1930s partial very poor Eucalyptus cladocalyx WW1 39
Yarrawonga Gilmore St 1991 complete excellent Eucalyptus citriodora 39

Appendix 6: Western Australia

Town/Suburb Street Date Status Condition SN Tree Species TP TR War References
Albany Middleton Rd moved to Apex Dr 1921, 1995 complete Eucalyptus ficifolia 178 all 63, 61
Roleystone Araluen Botanic Park complete good Cupressus sempervirens 89 61
Armadale Soldiers Memorial Park 1921 complete good Liquidamber styraciflua, Fraxinus griffithii WW1 61
Boyanup   WW2
Collie Soldiers Park 4/1921 scattered Cinnamomum camphora 99 WW1
Kalamunda Stirk Park   20 WW2 63
Kings park May Dr, Lovekin Dr 1919-1993 complete good yes Quercus robur, Platanus orientalis, Eucalyptus cladocalyx, Eucalyptus boitryoides, Eucalyptus callophylla 800 1100 WW1 & 2 63, 61
Melville Pinus sp.
Mingenew Mingenew Sports Ground 1973   WW1 & 2 63
Mosman Park Memorial Park, Palmerston St 25/8/1934 Araucaria heterophylla WW1 61
Point Walter Honour Ave   25? WW1 & 2 63, 61
Rockingham Memorial Dr Callistemon sp. WW2 63
Woodvale Yellagonga Regional Park, Castlegate Rd 6/1995 complete   WW2 63
Wooroloo   61

Appendix 7: Abbreviations

TP: Number of trees originally planted

TR: Number of trees now remaining

SN: List of Soldiers’ names related to individual trees

n/a: not applicable

 

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